community/modemmanager: add patch "modem-qmi-facility-locks"

ModemManager version 1.18.2 made the modem of postmarketOS device samsung-serranove stop working. A fix was added in upstream ModemManager and backported to the 1.18 branch. However, versions 1.18.2 and 1.18.4 need to be patched.

This merge request implements this patch. @craftyguy suggested to implement it here instead of creating a package fork in postmarketOS.

The merge request needs to be backported to v3.15.

I will set up a separate merge request thereafter to upgrade ModemManager to version 1.18.4 for edge.

More information on the issue:

Merge request reports