docker-image: declare dependencies on build jobs

Each upload job depends on artifacts from the build job, but only from
the same arch. Now each upload job gets the artifacts for all build
jobs, which costs more time, and takes more space.

Limit each upload job to depend only on the build job for the same arch.
1 job for master in 27 seconds
Status Job ID Name Coverage
  Verify
passed #3458
docker-alpine
lint

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