database.c 31.2 KB
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/* database.c - Alpine Package Keeper (APK)
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2005-2008 Natanael Copa <n@tanael.org>
 * Copyright (C) 2008 Timo Teräs <timo.teras@iki.fi>
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it 
 * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as published
 * by the Free Software Foundation. See http://www.gnu.org/ for details.
 */

#include <errno.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
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#include <limits.h>
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#include <unistd.h>
#include <malloc.h>
#include <string.h>
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#include <stdlib.h>
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#include <sys/file.h>
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#include "apk_defines.h"
#include "apk_package.h"
#include "apk_database.h"
#include "apk_state.h"
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#include "apk_applet.h"
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struct install_ctx {
	struct apk_database *db;
	struct apk_package *pkg;

	int script;
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	struct apk_db_dir_instance *diri;

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	apk_progress_cb cb;
	void *cb_ctx;
	size_t installed_size;
	size_t current_file_size;

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	struct hlist_node **diri_node;
	struct hlist_node **file_diri_node;
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};

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static apk_blob_t pkg_name_get_key(apk_hash_item item)
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{
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	return APK_BLOB_STR(((struct apk_name *) item)->name);
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}

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static void pkg_name_free(struct apk_name *name)
{
	free(name->name);
	free(name->pkgs);
	free(name);
}

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static const struct apk_hash_ops pkg_name_hash_ops = {
	.node_offset = offsetof(struct apk_name, hash_node),
	.get_key = pkg_name_get_key,
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	.hash_key = apk_blob_hash,
	.compare = apk_blob_compare,
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	.delete_item = (apk_hash_delete_f) pkg_name_free,
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};

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static apk_blob_t pkg_info_get_key(apk_hash_item item)
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{
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	return APK_BLOB_BUF(((struct apk_package *) item)->csum);
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}

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static unsigned long csum_hash(apk_blob_t csum)
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{
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	/* Checksum's highest bits have the most "randomness", use that
	 * directly as hash */
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	return *(unsigned long *) csum.ptr;
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}

static const struct apk_hash_ops pkg_info_hash_ops = {
	.node_offset = offsetof(struct apk_package, hash_node),
	.get_key = pkg_info_get_key,
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	.hash_key = csum_hash,
	.compare = apk_blob_compare,
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	.delete_item = (apk_hash_delete_f) apk_pkg_free,
};

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static apk_blob_t apk_db_dir_get_key(apk_hash_item item)
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{
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	return APK_BLOB_STR(((struct apk_db_dir *) item)->dirname);
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}

static const struct apk_hash_ops dir_hash_ops = {
	.node_offset = offsetof(struct apk_db_dir, hash_node),
	.get_key = apk_db_dir_get_key,
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	.hash_key = apk_blob_hash,
	.compare = apk_blob_compare,
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	.delete_item = (apk_hash_delete_f) free,
};

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struct apk_db_file_hash_key {
	apk_blob_t dirname;
	apk_blob_t filename;
};

static unsigned long apk_db_file_hash_key(apk_blob_t _key)
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{
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	struct apk_db_file_hash_key *key = (struct apk_db_file_hash_key *) _key.ptr;

	return apk_blob_hash(key->dirname) ^
	       apk_blob_hash(key->filename);
}

static unsigned long apk_db_file_hash_item(apk_hash_item item)
{
	struct apk_db_file *dbf = (struct apk_db_file *) item;

	return apk_blob_hash(APK_BLOB_STR(dbf->diri->dir->dirname)) ^
	       apk_blob_hash(APK_BLOB_STR(dbf->filename));
}

static int apk_db_file_compare_item(apk_hash_item item, apk_blob_t _key)
{
	struct apk_db_file *dbf = (struct apk_db_file *) item;
	struct apk_db_file_hash_key *key = (struct apk_db_file_hash_key *) _key.ptr;
	int r;

	r = apk_blob_compare(key->dirname, APK_BLOB_STR(dbf->diri->dir->dirname));
	if (r != 0)
		return r;

	return apk_blob_compare(key->filename, APK_BLOB_STR(dbf->filename));
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}

static const struct apk_hash_ops file_hash_ops = {
	.node_offset = offsetof(struct apk_db_file, hash_node),
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	.hash_key = apk_db_file_hash_key,
	.hash_item = apk_db_file_hash_item,
	.compare_item = apk_db_file_compare_item,
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	.delete_item = (apk_hash_delete_f) free,
};

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struct apk_name *apk_db_query_name(struct apk_database *db, apk_blob_t name)
{
	return (struct apk_name *) apk_hash_get(&db->available.names, name);
}

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struct apk_name *apk_db_get_name(struct apk_database *db, apk_blob_t name)
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{
	struct apk_name *pn;

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	pn = apk_db_query_name(db, name);
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	if (pn != NULL)
		return pn;

	pn = calloc(1, sizeof(struct apk_name));
	if (pn == NULL)
		return NULL;

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	pn->name = apk_blob_cstr(name);
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	pn->id = db->name_id++;
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	apk_hash_insert(&db->available.names, pn);

	return pn;
}

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static void apk_db_dir_unref(struct apk_database *db, struct apk_db_dir *dir)
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{
	dir->refs--;
	if (dir->refs > 0)
		return;

	db->installed.stats.dirs--;

	if (dir->parent != NULL)
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		apk_db_dir_unref(db, dir->parent);
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}

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static struct apk_db_dir *apk_db_dir_ref(struct apk_db_dir *dir)
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{
	dir->refs++;
	return dir;
}

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struct apk_db_dir *apk_db_dir_query(struct apk_database *db,
				    apk_blob_t name)
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{
	return (struct apk_db_dir *) apk_hash_get(&db->installed.dirs, name);
}

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static struct apk_db_dir *apk_db_dir_get(struct apk_database *db,
					 apk_blob_t name)
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{
	struct apk_db_dir *dir;
	apk_blob_t bparent;
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	int i;
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	if (name.len && name.ptr[name.len-1] == '/')
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		name.len--;

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	dir = apk_db_dir_query(db, name);
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	if (dir != NULL)
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		return apk_db_dir_ref(dir);
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	db->installed.stats.dirs++;
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	dir = calloc(1, sizeof(*dir) + name.len + 1);
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	dir->refs = 1;
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	memcpy(dir->dirname, name.ptr, name.len);
	dir->dirname[name.len] = 0;
	apk_hash_insert(&db->installed.dirs, dir);

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	if (name.len == 0)
		dir->parent = NULL;
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	else if (apk_blob_rsplit(name, '/', &bparent, NULL))
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		dir->parent = apk_db_dir_get(db, bparent);
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	else
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		dir->parent = apk_db_dir_get(db, APK_BLOB_NULL);
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	if (dir->parent != NULL)
		dir->flags = dir->parent->flags;

	for (i = 0; i < db->protected_paths->num; i++) {
		if (db->protected_paths->item[i][0] == '-' &&
		    strcmp(&db->protected_paths->item[i][1], dir->dirname) == 0)
			dir->flags &= ~APK_DBDIRF_PROTECTED;
		else if (strcmp(db->protected_paths->item[i], dir->dirname) == 0)
			dir->flags |= APK_DBDIRF_PROTECTED;
	}

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	return dir;
}

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static struct apk_db_dir_instance *apk_db_diri_new(struct apk_database *db,
						   struct apk_package *pkg,
						   apk_blob_t name,
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						   struct hlist_node ***after)
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{
	struct apk_db_dir_instance *diri;

	diri = calloc(1, sizeof(struct apk_db_dir_instance));
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	if (diri != NULL) {
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		hlist_add_after(&diri->pkg_dirs_list, *after);
		*after = &diri->pkg_dirs_list.next;
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		diri->dir = apk_db_dir_get(db, name);
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		diri->pkg = pkg;
	}
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	return diri;
}

static void apk_db_diri_set(struct apk_db_dir_instance *diri, mode_t mode,
			    uid_t uid, gid_t gid)
{
	diri->mode = mode;
	diri->uid = uid;
	diri->gid = gid;
}

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static void apk_db_diri_mkdir(struct apk_db_dir_instance *diri)
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{
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	if (mkdir(diri->dir->dirname, diri->mode) == 0)
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		chown(diri->dir->dirname, diri->uid, diri->gid);
}

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static void apk_db_diri_rmdir(struct apk_db_dir_instance *diri)
{
	if (diri->dir->refs == 1) {
		rmdir(diri->dir->dirname);
	}
}

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static void apk_db_diri_free(struct apk_database *db,
			     struct apk_db_dir_instance *diri)
{
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	apk_db_dir_unref(db, diri->dir);
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	free(diri);
}

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struct apk_db_file *apk_db_file_query(struct apk_database *db,
				      apk_blob_t dir,
				      apk_blob_t name)
{
	struct apk_db_file_hash_key key;

	key = (struct apk_db_file_hash_key) {
		.dirname = dir,
		.filename = name,
	};

	return (struct apk_db_file *) apk_hash_get(&db->installed.files,
						   APK_BLOB_BUF(&key));
}

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static struct apk_db_file *apk_db_file_get(struct apk_database *db,
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					   struct apk_db_dir_instance *diri,
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					   apk_blob_t name,
					   struct hlist_node ***after)
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{
	struct apk_db_file *file;
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	struct apk_db_file_hash_key key;

	key = (struct apk_db_file_hash_key) {
		.dirname = APK_BLOB_STR(diri->dir->dirname),
		.filename = name,
	};
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	file = (struct apk_db_file *) apk_hash_get(&db->installed.files,
						   APK_BLOB_BUF(&key));
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	if (file != NULL)
		return file;

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	file = calloc(1, sizeof(*file) + name.len + 1);
	memcpy(file->filename, name.ptr, name.len);
	file->filename[name.len] = 0;
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	file->diri = diri;
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	hlist_add_after(&file->diri_files_list, *after);
	*after = &file->diri_files_list.next;

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	apk_hash_insert(&db->installed.files, file);
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	db->installed.stats.files++;
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	return file;
}

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static void apk_db_file_change_owner(struct apk_database *db,
				     struct apk_db_file *file,
				     struct apk_db_dir_instance *diri,
				     struct hlist_node ***after)
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{
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	hlist_del(&file->diri_files_list, &file->diri->owned_files);
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	file->diri = diri;
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	hlist_add_after(&file->diri_files_list, *after);
	*after = &file->diri_files_list.next;
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}

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static void apk_db_pkg_rdepends(struct apk_database *db, struct apk_package *pkg)
{
	int i, j;

	if (pkg->depends == NULL)
		return;

	for (i = 0; i < pkg->depends->num; i++) {
		struct apk_name *rname = pkg->depends->item[i].name;

		if (rname->rdepends) {
			for (j = 0; j < rname->rdepends->num; j++)
				if (rname->rdepends->item[j] == pkg->name)
					return;
		}
		*apk_name_array_add(&rname->rdepends) = pkg->name;
	}
}

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static struct apk_package *apk_db_pkg_add(struct apk_database *db, struct apk_package *pkg)
{
	struct apk_package *idb;

	idb = apk_hash_get(&db->available.packages, APK_BLOB_BUF(pkg->csum));
	if (idb == NULL) {
		idb = pkg;
		apk_hash_insert(&db->available.packages, pkg);
		*apk_package_array_add(&pkg->name->pkgs) = pkg;
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		apk_db_pkg_rdepends(db, pkg);
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	} else {
		idb->repos |= pkg->repos;
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		if (idb->filename == NULL && pkg->filename != NULL) {
			idb->filename = pkg->filename;
			pkg->filename = NULL;
		}
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		apk_pkg_free(pkg);
	}
	return idb;
}

static int apk_db_index_read(struct apk_database *db, struct apk_istream *is, int repo)
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{
	struct apk_package *pkg = NULL;
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	struct apk_db_dir_instance *diri = NULL;
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	struct apk_db_file *file = NULL;
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	struct hlist_node **diri_node = NULL;
	struct hlist_node **file_diri_node = NULL;
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	char buf[1024];
	apk_blob_t l, r;
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	int n, field;
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	r = APK_BLOB_PTR_LEN(buf, 0);
	while (1) {
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		n = is->read(is, &r.ptr[r.len], sizeof(buf) - r.len);
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		if (n <= 0)
			break;
		r.len += n;

		while (apk_blob_splitstr(r, "\n", &l, &r)) {
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			if (l.len < 2 || l.ptr[1] != ':') {
				if (pkg == NULL)
					continue;

				if (repo != -1)
					pkg->repos |= BIT(repo);
				else
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					apk_pkg_set_state(db, pkg, APK_PKG_INSTALLED);
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				if (apk_db_pkg_add(db, pkg) != pkg && repo == -1) {
					apk_error("Installed database load failed");
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					return -1;
				}
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				pkg = NULL;
				continue;
			}

			/* Get field */
			field = l.ptr[0];
			l.ptr += 2;
			l.len -= 2;

			/* If no package, create new */
			if (pkg == NULL) {
				pkg = apk_pkg_new();
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				diri = NULL;
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				diri_node = hlist_tail_ptr(&pkg->owned_dirs);
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				file_diri_node = NULL;
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			}

			/* Standard index line? */
			if (apk_pkg_add_info(db, pkg, field, l) == 0)
				continue;

			if (repo != -1) {
				apk_error("Invalid index entry '%c'", field);
				return -1;
			}

			/* Check FDB special entries */
			switch (field) {
			case 'F':
				if (pkg->name == NULL) {
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					apk_error("FDB directory entry before package entry");
					return -1;
				}
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				diri = apk_db_diri_new(db, pkg, l, &diri_node);
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				file_diri_node = &diri->owned_files.first;
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				break;
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			case 'M':
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				if (diri == NULL) {
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					apk_error("FDB directory metadata entry before directory entry");
					return -1;
				}
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				/* FIXME: sscanf may touch unallocated area */
				if (sscanf(l.ptr, "%d:%d:%o",
					   &diri->uid, &diri->gid, &diri->mode) != 3) {
					apk_error("FDB bad directory mode entry");
					return -1;
				}
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				break;
			case 'R':
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				if (diri == NULL) {
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					apk_error("FDB file entry before directory entry");
					return -1;
				}
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				file = apk_db_file_get(db, diri, l,
						       &file_diri_node);
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				break;
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			case 'Z':
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				if (file == NULL) {
					apk_error("FDB checksum entry before file entry");
					return -1;
				}
				if (apk_hexdump_parse(APK_BLOB_BUF(file->csum), l)) {
					apk_error("Not a valid checksum");
					return -1;
				}
				break;
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			default:
				apk_error("FDB entry '%c' unsupported", n);
				return -1;
			}
		}

		memcpy(&buf[0], r.ptr, r.len);
		r = APK_BLOB_PTR_LEN(buf, r.len);
	}

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	return 0;
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}

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static int apk_db_write_fdb(struct apk_database *db, struct apk_ostream *os)
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{
	struct apk_package *pkg;
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	struct apk_db_dir_instance *diri;
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	struct apk_db_file *file;
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	struct hlist_node *c1, *c2;
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	char buf[1024];
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	int n = 0, r;
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	list_for_each_entry(pkg, &db->installed.packages, installed_pkgs_list) {
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		r = apk_pkg_write_index_entry(pkg, os);
		if (r < 0)
			return r;
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		hlist_for_each_entry(diri, c1, &pkg->owned_dirs, pkg_dirs_list) {
			n += snprintf(&buf[n], sizeof(buf)-n,
				      "F:%s\n"
				      "M:%d:%d:%o\n",
				      diri->dir->dirname,
				      diri->uid, diri->gid, diri->mode);
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			hlist_for_each_entry(file, c2, &diri->owned_files, diri_files_list) {
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				n += snprintf(&buf[n], sizeof(buf)-n,
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					      "R:%s\n",
					      file->filename);
				if (csum_valid(file->csum)) {
					n += snprintf(&buf[n], sizeof(buf)-n, "Z:");
					n += apk_hexdump_format(sizeof(buf)-n, &buf[n],
								APK_BLOB_BUF(file->csum));
					n += snprintf(&buf[n], sizeof(buf)-n, "\n");
				}
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				if (os->write(os, buf, n) != n)
					return -1;
				n = 0;
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			}
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			if (n != 0 && os->write(os, buf, n) != n)
				return -1;
			n = 0;
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		}
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		os->write(os, "\n", 1);
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	}

	return 0;
}

struct apk_script_header {
	csum_t csum;
	unsigned int type;
	unsigned int size;
};

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static int apk_db_scriptdb_write(struct apk_database *db, struct apk_ostream *os)
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{
	struct apk_package *pkg;
	struct apk_script *script;
	struct apk_script_header hdr;
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	struct hlist_node *c2;
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	list_for_each_entry(pkg, &db->installed.packages, installed_pkgs_list) {
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		hlist_for_each_entry(script, c2, &pkg->scripts, script_list) {
			memcpy(hdr.csum, pkg->csum, sizeof(csum_t));
			hdr.type = script->type;
			hdr.size = script->size;

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			if (os->write(os, &hdr, sizeof(hdr)) != sizeof(hdr))
				return -1;

			if (os->write(os, script->script, script->size) != script->size)
				return -1;
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		}
	}

	return 0;
}

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static int apk_db_scriptdb_read(struct apk_database *db, struct apk_istream *is)
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{
	struct apk_package *pkg;
	struct apk_script_header hdr;

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	while (is->read(is, &hdr, sizeof(hdr)) == sizeof(hdr)) {
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		pkg = apk_db_get_pkg(db, hdr.csum);
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		if (pkg != NULL)
			apk_pkg_add_script(pkg, is, hdr.type, hdr.size);
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	}

	return 0;
}

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static int apk_db_read_state(struct apk_database *db)
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{
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	struct apk_istream *is;
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	apk_blob_t blob;
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	int i;
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	/* Read:
	 * 1. installed repository
	 * 2. source repositories
	 * 3. master dependencies
	 * 4. package statuses
	 * 5. files db
	 * 6. script db
	 */
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	fchdir(db->root_fd);

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	blob = apk_blob_from_file("var/lib/apk/world");
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	if (APK_BLOB_IS_NULL(blob))
		return -ENOENT;
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	apk_deps_parse(db, &db->world, blob);
	free(blob.ptr);
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	for (i = 0; i < db->world->num; i++)
		db->world->item[i].name->flags |= APK_NAME_TOPLEVEL;

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	is = apk_istream_from_file("var/lib/apk/installed");
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	if (is != NULL) {
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		apk_db_index_read(db, is, -1);
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		is->close(is);
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	}

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	is = apk_istream_from_file("var/lib/apk/scripts");
	if (is != NULL) {
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		apk_db_scriptdb_read(db, is);
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		is->close(is);
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	}

	return 0;
}

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static int add_protected_path(void *ctx, apk_blob_t blob)
{
	struct apk_database *db = (struct apk_database *) ctx;

	*apk_string_array_add(&db->protected_paths) = apk_blob_cstr(blob);
	return 0;
}

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static int apk_db_create(struct apk_database *db)
{
	apk_blob_t deps = APK_BLOB_STR("busybox alpine-baselayout "
				       "apk-tools alpine-conf");
	int fd;

	fchdir(db->root_fd);
	mkdir("tmp", 01777);
	mkdir("dev", 0755);
	mknod("dev/null", 0666, makedev(1, 3));
	mkdir("var", 0755);
	mkdir("var/lib", 0755);
	mkdir("var/lib/apk", 0755);

	fd = creat("var/lib/apk/world", 0644);
	if (fd < 0)
		return -errno;
	write(fd, deps.ptr, deps.len);
	close(fd);

	return 0;
}

int apk_db_open(struct apk_database *db, const char *root, unsigned int flags)
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{
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	apk_blob_t blob;
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	const char *apk_repos = getenv("APK_REPOS"), *msg = NULL;
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	int r;
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	struct apk_repository_url *repo = NULL;
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	memset(db, 0, sizeof(*db));
	apk_hash_init(&db->available.names, &pkg_name_hash_ops, 1000);
	apk_hash_init(&db->available.packages, &pkg_info_hash_ops, 4000);
	apk_hash_init(&db->installed.dirs, &dir_hash_ops, 1000);
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	apk_hash_init(&db->installed.files, &file_hash_ops, 4000);
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	list_init(&db->installed.packages);
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	if (root != NULL) {
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		fchdir(apk_cwd_fd);
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		db->root = strdup(root);
		db->root_fd = open(root, O_RDONLY);
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		if (db->root_fd < 0 && (flags & APK_OPENF_CREATE)) {
			mkdir(db->root, 0755);
			db->root_fd = open(root, O_RDONLY);
		}
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		if (db->root_fd < 0) {
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			msg = "Unable to open root";
			goto ret_errno;
		}

		fchdir(db->root_fd);
		if (flags & APK_OPENF_WRITE) {
			db->lock_fd = open("var/lib/apk/lock",
					   O_CREAT | O_WRONLY, 0400);
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			if (db->lock_fd < 0 && errno == ENOENT &&
			    (flags & APK_OPENF_CREATE)) {
				r = apk_db_create(db);
				if (r != 0) {
					msg = "Unable to create database";
					goto ret_r;
				}
				db->lock_fd = open("var/lib/apk/lock",
						   O_CREAT | O_WRONLY, 0400);
			}
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			if (db->lock_fd < 0 ||
			    flock(db->lock_fd, LOCK_EX | LOCK_NB) < 0) {
				msg = "Unable to lock database";
				goto ret_errno;
			}
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		}
	}
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	blob = APK_BLOB_STR("etc:-etc/init.d");
	apk_blob_for_each_segment(blob, ":", add_protected_path, db);

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	if (root != NULL) {
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		if (!(flags & APK_OPENF_EMPTY_STATE)) {
			r = apk_db_read_state(db);
			if (r == -ENOENT && (flags & APK_OPENF_CREATE)) {
				r = apk_db_create(db);
				if (r != 0) {
					msg = "Unable to create database";
					goto ret_r;
				}
				r = apk_db_read_state(db);
			}
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			if (r != 0) {
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				msg = "Unable to read database state";
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				goto ret_r;
			}
		}

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		if (apk_repos == NULL)
			apk_repos = "/etc/apk/repositories";
		blob = apk_blob_from_file(apk_repos);
		if (!APK_BLOB_IS_NULL(blob)) {
			r = apk_blob_for_each_segment(blob, "\n",
						      apk_db_add_repository, db);
			free(blob.ptr);
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			if (r != 0)
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				goto ret_r;
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		}
	}

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	list_for_each_entry(repo, &apk_repository_list.list, list) {
		r = apk_db_add_repository(db, APK_BLOB_STR(repo->url));
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		if (r != 0) {
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			msg = repo->url;
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			goto ret_r;
		}
	}
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	fchdir(apk_cwd_fd);
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	return 0;
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ret_errno:
	r = -errno;
ret_r:
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	if (msg != NULL)
		apk_error("%s: %s", msg, strerror(-r));
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	apk_db_close(db);
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	fchdir(apk_cwd_fd);
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	return r;
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}

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struct write_ctx {
	struct apk_database *db;
	int fd;
};

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int apk_db_write_config(struct apk_database *db)
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{
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	struct apk_ostream *os;
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	if (db->root == NULL)
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		return 0;
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	if (db->lock_fd == 0) {
		apk_error("Refusing to write db without write lock!");
		return -1;
	}

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	fchdir(db->root_fd);

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	os = apk_ostream_to_file("var/lib/apk/world", 0644);
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	if (os == NULL)
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		return -1;
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	apk_deps_write(db->world, os);
	os->write(os, "\n", 1);
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	os->close(os);
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	os = apk_ostream_to_file("var/lib/apk/installed.new", 0644);
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	if (os == NULL)
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		return -1;
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	apk_db_write_fdb(db, os);
	os->close(os);
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	if (rename("var/lib/apk/installed.new", "var/lib/apk/installed") < 0)
		return -errno;

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	os = apk_ostream_to_file("var/lib/apk/scripts", 0644);
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	if (os == NULL)
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		return -1;
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	apk_db_scriptdb_write(db, os);
	os->close(os);
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	return 0;
}

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void apk_db_close(struct apk_database *db)
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{
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	struct apk_package *pkg;
	struct apk_db_dir_instance *diri;
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	struct hlist_node *dc, *dn;
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	int i;

	list_for_each_entry(pkg, &db->installed.packages, installed_pkgs_list) {
		hlist_for_each_entry_safe(diri, dc, dn, &pkg->owned_dirs, pkg_dirs_list) {
			apk_db_diri_free(db, diri);
		}
	}

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	for (i = 0; i < db->num_repos; i++) {
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		free(db->repos[i].url);
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		if (db->repos[i].cache != NULL)
			free(db->repos[i].cache);
	}
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	if (db->protected_paths) {
		for (i = 0; i < db->protected_paths->num; i++)
			free(db->protected_paths->item[i]);
		free(db->protected_paths);
	}
	if (db->world)
		free(db->world);
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	apk_hash_free(&db->available.names);
	apk_hash_free(&db->available.packages);
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	apk_hash_free(&db->installed.files);
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	apk_hash_free(&db->installed.dirs);
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	if (db->root_fd)
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		close(db->root_fd);
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	if (db->lock_fd)
		close(db->lock_fd);
	if (db->root != NULL)
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		free(db->root);
}

struct apk_package *apk_db_get_pkg(struct apk_database *db, csum_t sum)
{
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	return apk_hash_get(&db->available.packages,
			    APK_BLOB_PTR_LEN((void*) sum, sizeof(csum_t)));
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}

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struct apk_package *apk_db_get_file_owner(struct apk_database *db,
					  apk_blob_t filename)
{
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	struct apk_db_file *dbf;
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	struct apk_db_file_hash_key key;
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	if (filename.len && filename.ptr[0] == '/')
		filename.len--, filename.ptr++;
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	if (!apk_blob_rsplit(filename, '/', &key.dirname, &key.filename))
		return NULL;

	dbf = (struct apk_db_file *) apk_hash_get(&db->installed.files,
						  APK_BLOB_BUF(&key));
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	if (dbf == NULL)
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		return NULL;

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	return dbf->diri->pkg;
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}

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struct apk_package *apk_db_pkg_add_file(struct apk_database *db, const char *file)
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{
	struct apk_package *info;

	info = apk_pkg_read(db, file);
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	if (info != NULL)
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		info = apk_db_pkg_add(db, info);
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	return info;
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}

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struct index_write_ctx {
	struct apk_ostream *os;
	int count;
};

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static int write_index_entry(apk_hash_item item, void *ctx)
{
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	struct index_write_ctx *iwctx = (struct index_write_ctx *) ctx;
	struct apk_package *pkg = (struct apk_package *) item;
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	int r;
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	if (pkg->repos != 0)
		return 0;

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	r = apk_pkg_write_index_entry(pkg, iwctx->os);
	if (r < 0)
		return r;
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	if (iwctx->os->write(iwctx->os, "\n", 1) != 1)
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		return -1;
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	iwctx->count++;
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	return 0;
}

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int apk_db_index_write(struct apk_database *db, struct apk_ostream *os)
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{
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	struct index_write_ctx ctx = { os, 0 };

	apk_hash_foreach(&db->available.packages, write_index_entry, &ctx);

	return ctx.count;
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}

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static struct apk_bstream *apk_db_cache_open(struct apk_database *db,
					     const char *file)
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{
	char tmp[256];
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	if (db->root == NULL)
		return NULL;

	snprintf(tmp, sizeof(tmp), "%svar/lib/apk/%s", db->root, file);
	return apk_bstream_from_file(tmp);
}

static int apk_db_cache_has(struct apk_database *db, const char *file)
{
	char tmp[256];
	struct apk_file_info fi;
	int r;

	if (db->root == NULL)
		return FALSE;

	snprintf(tmp, sizeof(tmp), "%svar/lib/apk/%s", db->root, file);
	r = apk_file_get_info(tmp, &fi);
	if (r < 0)
		return FALSE;

	return TRUE;
}

static struct apk_bstream *apk_repository_file_open(struct apk_repository *repo,
						    const char *file)
{
	char tmp[256];

	snprintf(tmp, sizeof(tmp), "%s/%s", repo->url, file);

	return apk_bstream_from_url(tmp);
}

int apk_repository_update(struct apk_database *db, struct apk_repository *repo)
{
	char tmp[256], tmp2[256];
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	int r;
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	if (repo->cache == NULL)
		return 0;

	apk_message("fetch index %s", repo->url);

	snprintf(tmp, sizeof(tmp), "%s/APK_INDEX.gz", repo->url);
	snprintf(tmp2, sizeof(tmp2), "%svar/lib/apk/%s.new",
		 db->root, repo->cache);
	r = apk_url_download(tmp, tmp2);
	if (r < 0)
		return r;

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	snprintf(tmp, sizeof(tmp), "%svar/lib/apk/%s",
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		 db->root, repo->cache);
	if (rename(tmp2, tmp) < 0)
		return -errno;

	return 0;
}

int apk_db_add_repository(apk_database_t _db, apk_blob_t repository)
{
	struct apk_database *db = _db.db;
	struct apk_istream *is = NULL;
	char buf[2*sizeof(csum_t)+32], *name;
	int r, n;

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	if (repository.ptr == NULL || *repository.ptr == '\0' 
			|| *repository.ptr == '#')
		return 0;

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	if (db->num_repos >= APK_MAX_REPOS)
		return -1;

	r = db->num_repos++;
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	db->repos[r] = (struct apk_repository) {
		.url = apk_blob_cstr(repository),
		.cache = NULL,
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	};

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	if (apk_url_local_file(db->repos[r].url) == NULL) {
		csum_ctx_t csum;
		csum_t res;

		csum_init(&csum);
		csum_process(&csum, repository.ptr, repository.len);
		csum_finish(&csum, res);

		n = apk_hexdump_format(sizeof(buf), buf, APK_BLOB_BUF(res)) - 1;
		snprintf(&buf[n], sizeof(buf) - n, ".index.gz");

		db->repos[r].cache = strdup(buf);

		if (!apk_db_cache_has(db, db->repos[r].cache)) {
			n = apk_repository_update(db, &db->repos[r]);
			if (n < 0)
				return n;
		}
		name = db->repos[r].cache;
		is = apk_bstream_gunzip(apk_db_cache_open(db, db->repos[r].cache), 1);
	} else {
		name = "APK_INDEX.gz";
		is = apk_bstream_gunzip(apk_repository_file_open(&db->repos[r], name), 1);
	}
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	if (is == NULL) {
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		apk_error("Failed to open index for %s", db->repos[r].url);
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		return -1;
	}
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	apk_db_index_read(db, is, r);
	is->close(is);
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	return 0;
}

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static void extract_cb(void *_ctx, size_t progress)
{
	struct install_ctx *ctx = (struct install_ctx *) _ctx;

	if (ctx->cb) {
		size_t size = ctx->installed_size;

		size += muldiv(progress, ctx->current_file_size, APK_PROGRESS_SCALE);
		if (size > ctx->pkg->installed_size)
			size = ctx->pkg->installed_size;

		ctx->cb(ctx->cb_ctx, muldiv(APK_PROGRESS_SCALE, size, ctx->pkg->installed_size));
	}
}

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static int apk_db_install_archive_entry(void *_ctx,
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					const struct apk_file_info *ae,
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					struct apk_istream *is)
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{
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	struct install_ctx *ctx = (struct install_ctx *) _ctx;
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	struct apk_database *db = ctx->db;
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	struct apk_package *pkg = ctx->pkg, *opkg;
	apk_blob_t name = APK_BLOB_STR(ae->name), bdir, bfile;
	struct apk_db_dir_instance *diri = ctx->diri;
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	struct apk_db_file *file;
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	struct apk_file_info fi;
	char alt_name[PATH_MAX];
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	const char *p;
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	int r = 0, type = APK_SCRIPT_INVALID;
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	/* Package metainfo and script processing */
	if (ae->name[0] == '.') {
		/* APK 2.0 format */
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		if (strcmp(ae->name, ".INSTALL") == 0)
			type = APK_SCRIPT_GENERIC;
		else
			type = apk_script_type(&ae->name[1]);

		if (type == APK_SCRIPT_INVALID)
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			return 0;
	} else if (strncmp(ae->name, "var/db/apk/", 11) == 0) {
		/* APK 1.0 format */
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		p = &ae->name[11];
		if (strncmp(p, pkg->name->name, strlen(pkg->name->name)) != 0)
			return 0;
		p += strlen(pkg->name->name) + 1;
		if (strncmp(p, pkg->version, strlen(pkg->version)) != 0)
			return 0;
		p += strlen(pkg->version) + 1;

		type = apk_script_type(p);
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		if (type == APK_SCRIPT_INVALID)
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			return 0;
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	}
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	/* Handle script */
	if (type != APK_SCRIPT_INVALID) {
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		apk_pkg_add_script(pkg, is, type, ae->size);
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		if (type == APK_SCRIPT_GENERIC ||
		    type == ctx->script) {
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			r = apk_pkg_run_script(pkg, db->root_fd, ctx->script);
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			if (r != 0)
				apk_error("%s-%s: Failed to execute pre-install/upgrade script",
					  pkg->name->name, pkg->version);
		}

		return r;
	}

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	/* Show progress */
	if (ctx->cb) {
		size_t size = ctx->installed_size;
		if (size > pkg->installed_size)
			size = pkg->installed_size;
		ctx->cb(ctx->cb_ctx, muldiv(APK_PROGRESS_SCALE, size, pkg->installed_size));
	}

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	/* Installable entry */
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	ctx->current_file_size = apk_calc_installed_size(ae->size);
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	if (!S_ISDIR(ae->mode)) {
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		if (!apk_blob_rsplit(name, '/', &bdir, &bfile))
			return 0;

		if (bfile.len > 6 && memcmp(bfile.ptr, ".keep_", 6) == 0)
			return 0;

		/* Make sure the file is part of the cached directory tree */
		if (diri == NULL ||
		    strncmp(diri->dir->dirname, bdir.ptr, bdir.len) != 0 ||
		    diri->dir->dirname[bdir.len] != 0) {
			struct hlist_node *n;
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			hlist_for_each_entry(diri, n, &pkg->owned_dirs, pkg_dirs_list) {
				if (strncmp(diri->dir->dirname, bdir.ptr, bdir.len) == 0 &&
				    diri->dir->dirname[bdir.len] == 0)
					break;
			}
			if (diri == NULL) {
				apk_error("%s: File '%*s' entry without directory entry.\n",
					  pkg->name->name, name.len, name.ptr);
				return -1;
			}
			ctx->diri = diri;
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			ctx->file_diri_node = hlist_tail_ptr(&diri->owned_files);
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		}

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		file = apk_db_file_get(db, diri, bfile, &ctx->file_diri_node);
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		if (file == NULL) {
			apk_error("%s: Failed to create fdb entry for '%*s'\n",
				  pkg->name->name, name.len, name.ptr);
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			return -1;
		}

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		if (file->diri != diri) {
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			opkg = file->diri->pkg;
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			if (opkg->name != pkg->name) {
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				if (!(apk_flags & APK_FORCE)) {
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					apk_error("%s: Trying to overwrite %s "
						  "owned by %s.\n",
						  pkg->name->name, ae->name,
						  opkg->name->name);
					return -1;
				}
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				apk_warning("%s: Overwriting %s owned by %s.\n",